The peace agreement between FARC and the Colombian Government is an encouraging step towards stabilization, though stabilization will require the Colombian military establishing and maintaining a policing presence in the most rural and remote territories. The infrastructure of these territories means Colombia will either have to rely heavily on its inventory of medium multi-role helicopters or undertake an extensive infrastructure development project.
In addition to enabling logistical support to a rural military and police presence, an infrastructure development project would facilitate economic development in regions where economic disparity has been proven to be a significant driver towards violence. The recent implementation of the Fourth Generation Road Infrastructure Program, or 4G, is a highly encouraging step towards developing infrastructure of Colombia on a national level, though it is primarily concerned with the highway system rather than the secondary and tertiary roads that would best facilitate military and police movement and operations in rural areas. Future measures focusing on rural infrastructure would continue to improve the situation, but 4G will significantly improve the rural economy by lowering the price of transporting agricultural goods to ports for international trade, decrease the strain on the military’s rotary aircraft, and allow the military to rely more heavily on cheaper land transportation for logistics.